Visiting Scholars

TB

Thomas S. Bianchi

Visiting Scholar
Department of Geological Sciences at the University of Florida

My major interests are in the areas of organic geochemistry and biogeochemical dynamics of aquatic systems, with particular emphasis in estuarine and coastal ecosystems, applications of chemical biomarkers in paleooceanography, sea-level rise effects on carbon storage in coastal system, and chemical biomarkers of colloidal, particulate, dissolved and sedimentary organic carbon.

My research group has worked in estuarine and large river systems around the world with particular emphasis on the Mississippi River/Louisiana estuarine/shelf system, and the Changjiang River estuary. Some of this work has focused on the fate and transport of organic carbon source inputs to the Louisiana and East China Sea shelves, using chemical biomarkers as source indicators, as well as recent work on the paleo-reconstruction of hypoxia events on the shelf and relationship between carbon cycling. We have also been examining paleo-reconstruction of organic carbon in Colville delta sediments in the Arctic, using compound-specific isotopic analyses of fatty acids, to examine changes in carbon cycling during the Holocene in the Arctic. Finally, we have been recently using chemical biomarkers to better understand how carbon sequestration in wetlands or “blue carbon” is changing in the Gulf of Mexico with changes in the dominance of mangroves over marshes due to sea level change.

Geo Museum 367
SK

Serdar Kuyuk

Visiting Scholar

My research focuses on earthquake engineering and seismology. My goals are twofold: (a) close the gap between earthquake engineering and geoscience (b) apply earthquake early warning systems (EEWS) to engineering structures. I have significant experience in engineering application of EEWS, real-time seismology, and engineering application of cognitive sciences. I mainly worked on solving advanced problems of real-time EEWS and I developed the second version ElarmS which is the core algorithm of the current running EEWS in California, USA. I had been evaluating and improving earthquake early warning algorithms in California. I solved problems which real-time operations encounter such as accurate estimation of magnitude/intensity and their relation between frequency and amplitude of ground motion, and improved association/alert criteria to reduce missed and false alerts.

My research interests moreover include the engineering adaptive systems of artificial intelligence. This secondary interest with respect to cognitive modeling focuses on the application of artificial neural network (ANN) in the seismological application including pattern recognition, self-organizing maps etc. My research demonstrates how to utilize advanced supervised learning ANN techniques for EEWS applications. I wrote an ANN-based general program in MATLAB. I have gained expertise in sophisticated artificial intelligence methods to tackle the problem in this seismological and earthquake engineering environment. I applied a couple of pattern recognition algorithms such as the mixture of Gaussian, k-means, Self-Organizing Maps, decision three, compared with linear and nonlinear discriminant functions to classy quarry blast explosions and earthquakes near Istanbul. I am recently working on convolution and sequential neural network modeling using Keras tool and TensorFlow in python language.

Hoffman 103